Hungarikumokkal a világ körül 3. évad 1. rész – Az első magyar lábnyomok Perzsiában
Our show was supported by: Szerencsejáték Zrt. Turkish Airlines Hungary This year we took on a difficult task, we embarked on our trip to Central Asia. To do so, in the third season we needed a person with many experiences under their belt who could not be surprised by anything. Please, welcome our new presenter, Márta Bálint. She graduated from Debrecen University with an Economics degree, and during her studies she started working for a Biotech Company as a business development manager. Later she traveled around the world as the CEO of a Swiss company. Thanks to her accomplishments, she made it to Forbes’ most successful women under 30 list. We have not hesitated a single moment to dive right away into the happening city to which we found the perfect guide. We are here in Tehran, at the Tajrish bazaar, the second largest here with my co-presenter, Márti, and Barbi, with Barbi Újvári, who has been living in Tehran for 9 months, and we we don’t know why but she will tell us soon. But before that, it is important to share that in the following 70 days we will seek the most Hungarian footprints in the “Wild East”, and attempt to bring you the adventures of Kőrösi Csoma Sándor, Vámbéry Ármin and Stein Aurél. Tehran was important, beside it being the capital of Iran, Semmelweis Ignac bust can be found here. The Hungarian medical science and education system received real acknowledgment when the locals made a Semmelweis bust in Iran not so long ago in Tehran. Well, one of my favorite things I love about living in Iran is the fruits and vegetables. There are four seasons simultaneously all year long, currently it’s mango season in south-eastern Iran, which borders Pakistan and the mango comes from there. Let’s have mangos, then. How much should I give? 700 000 Rial which is around 1000-1200 Forints. The Kurdish honey is of the best quality in Iran. This is rose, and in general the best quality roses come from Quachan. By the way, this is pomegranate, pomegranate flower and this is used to spice the tea. Where is life easier for women, here or in Europe? It is hard to compare, nothing is black and white. Obviously women have more personal rights in Europe. Although in Europe as well as men, they have to work, be on the labour market. Life here is much easier here for an average girl, average woman. They don’t have to worry about things, like their family and husband provide everything for them. Obviously it is very easy but not that awful as it is shown in the Western media. More women graduate here than men, and they also represent a significant part of the labor market. If you want to marry someone who is not Iranian in Iran, you have to officially take up the Islamic religion. I am very glad that you came here from „Magyarisztán”! („from Hungary” in Persian) Did I understand well? Magyarisztán? Magyaritszán, exactly. So we are considered here to be not Hungarians, but Magyarisztán. But Magyarisztán, exactly. While in Inner Asia, we have heard many times that people who live there think of us as their European brothers. I wonder why? Are we genetically related to each other or are we bound by historical hearsay? Archaeogenetics have recently examined the maternal and paternal DNA of more than 100 conquering individuals, and found surprising results. More than 30% of these paternal and maternal lines originate from Inner Asia, and this conquering population was mixed with them on the Eastern European steppe. And we see the imprint of this here in the Carpathian Basin. Hmmm … very good. We came in and we just tried sohan. We were interviewed, we saw how they were made, and because they saw us as a foreign team, they sat us down, invited us to tea, and that was an absolute selfless gesture. Obviously one would buy from the products, but we would definitely buy from them, so we wouldn’t have needed to be invited, but it is the pride of the locals, to have a foreign crew shooting a film in their shop. If you ask for tea, tea always means black tea. In Iran, by the way, there are very good quality teas coming from the Damavand area. Damavand is the largest mountain in the Middle East. How to get alcohol here? Alcohol… hahaha… you’ve come to the wrong country. Alcohol is officially illegal. And unofficially? The situation is different that way. They make a lot … They call it Arak … Practically equivalent to a pomace palinka. They also make house wines, by the way with more or less success. Obviously, I would not replace a good Tokaji with an Iranian homemade one. The Armenians make better homemade wines. But officially getting these here is illegal. Anyone who thinks we’ve won the lottery before traveling and that we are spending and wasting it is wrong. We wouldn’t go into the numbers too deep right now, but anyone who comes here has to count millions. 1 US DOLLAR=42,000 IRANIAN RIAL=300 HUNGARIAN FORINT I was left alone by the girls, because the rule on the Tehran subway is that girls have to sit in a separate car, so now I’m sitting with the boys. Here we are at the Imamzadeh Saleh Tomb. There are many Imamzadeh graves throughout the country. Relatives of various imams are buried here. To these places of pilgrimage, like Christians, people make various pilgrimages and pray. In many Sunni mosque it’s enough to wear headscarves to enter. In Iran, a chador is needed, so a headscarf is not enough, but a chador is also needed. Well then go! Let’s go for it! You’ve been to dozens of countries, even though you’re only 23 years old. Will you be the female Ármin Vámbéry? Um, yes,that can be, we’ll see that life will bring. I’ve been to a lot of countries. First and foremost, in Eastern countries. These countries are close to my heart, which is why I am here. But obviously there are plenty of other countries in the area that I would love to go to. Such as? Like Iraq! Wow. Haha. What is that habit here in Iran that you were least able to adapt to? This so-called Tarouf culture is practically an unwritten courtesy, or practically like an etiquette, but unwritten about how people behave with each other. For example, when guests are welcomed, many things are offered but should not be accepted at first. What is free to be free. These were strange to me at first. And no one can really prepare you for it. You have to find out, experience it here by yourself. Is there anything you might not accept so much? There is a lot that I can’t accept, but I understand that when it comes to something that is negative to me, I try to understand its source, its causes, and to understand better its context. Could you live your life here? Er. I could, but I don’t want to. Aah, and why? Because I do not think I was born here, I would like to move back to Hungary in the long run. But as I am young, I have some adventure to come. In the meantime, I’d rather be in this area. Why are the dishes so special in Iranian cuisine? So, for example, you can see food, food combinations, such as fesenjan made from chicken or duck marinated in walnut and pomegranate sauce. Why is this so? It’s because traditional Iranian medicine and traditional cuisine are based on a balance of hot and cold dishes. What does it mean? For example, fish, yogurt, rice are all cold food, but beef, all spices, seeds, chocolate are all hot food. And it is from this harmony that Persian food is formed, this is one. For example, if one has a fever the first thing they are told is not to eat chocolate or seeds because those are hot food and would nourish the fever. Anyone who would think that traffic at home in Budapest is chaos and that drivers don’t let pedestrians pass through the zebra, well … There is always worse. We started to explore the features of local music, more specifically the special setar. This is a Persian pluck instrument. Hi. Thank you, How are you? (In Hungarian.) Isfahan is one of the oldest cities in the world and the third largest city in Iran. It is one of the cultural and economic centers of the country. Iranian Jews and Catholic Armenians also live here. Small. (In Hungarian.) An he knows. Those Iranian words are in all Finno-Ugric languages. Perhaps it is because of some of our common words that, according to some, the Esfahan Codex is one of the prehistoric sources of the Hungarians. The Esfahan Codex is said to have been dating from around 500 A.D. and contains a Hun glossary and a related text memorial. Today the codex is in the possession of the Surb Khach Monastery in Esfahan. However, there is no tangible evidence for this, says Péter Pomozi, director of the Center for the History of Linguistics at the Hungarian Institute for Hungarian Studies. The Esfahan Codex is by no means a Hungarian language memorial, even less so because there is no such codex or the place where the codex is alleged to have originated. Dani has just found out the current carpet prices. Listen now I’m shattering now and you’re trying to bargain, okay? Okay. Ask if it can be taken by half price. Well, Márti is still trying, but he wants to sell it for 60 million Rial, which, anyway, is about $ 50,000. It’s really a nice rug though and maybe we could take it home. But not for that much. In fact, he bargains without showing any intention to cut the price, so he shows less beautiful carpets. Now he pets the carpet… and Márti appreciates it. Eww, it’s tea. He doesn’t give it us cheaper… In the first two seasons, we got really into trouble with bargaining. Usually, we didn’t regret the money for the various unnecessary things, but a 60 million Rial offer for a rug suprised us. Will we use it together? No. We have heard many prejudices about Iran. We thought it was time to refute these. Alvand told a local perspective on Iranian culture and how non-Islamic people like Armenians live here. It is strictly forbidden to drink or possess alcohol in Iran. However, we are now in the Armenian Quarter of Esfahan. Iran has two of the world’s oldest national minorities: Iranian Jews and Catholic Armenians. Catholic Armenians are allowed to consume alcohol and even make it in their homes, of course. We will see how true this is, as they have invited us and we can even drink a bit. It is June 23rd and now we are either enjoying ourselves or dying. We are safe and as you can see we are going to pour original Armenian red wine into our glasses. They are here with us and we thank them for all of this, but of course we do not want to get them into trouble, so they remain anonymous and invisible, but now we are making a toast for their health as it would not have been possible without them. Yes, and now that my hands have become wet with pure red wine, let’s clink and drink the fine tradition of buying wine from Armenians in Iran. Cheers! We have not seen as many fantastic things in Iran as the engravings in Persepolis. We also discovered the footprints of Count Andor Széchenyi, István Maróthy and Ármin Vámbéry on the walls of the city, which is more than 2000 years old. Our heart skipped a beat reading, Vámbéry’s “Long live the Hungarian!” engraving. Vámbéry’s name may have been heard by many, but there is less mention of István Maróthy or Andor Széchenyi. Maróthy is also important to us because he was the first Hungarian to have been to Persepolis. He inscribed his name on a window in the palace of Darius I. During the autumn of 1861, Ármin Vámbéry, dressed as a Sunni dervish, set out for Asia to search for traces of the Hungarians. After Isfahan, he went to Shiraz, to another ancient settlement. It has been a capital city several times over the decades. That’s why we continued our journey to Shiraz. We just visited the Pink Mosque, when the news came that our shooting license was wrong. We wouldn’t have expected such an unexpected turn on the fifth day.. but Miki and Márti had to go back to Tehran. What? No… I think you take the stuff you need for one or two nights out of your stuff and keep it with you. Do you have money, passport, everything you need? Do you have a charger? Everything yes. Well, it is important that you sign this contract tomorrow, be sure to scan it and send it to the foreign service immediately. There’s a problem with our filming license, and we were a little scared by the authorities here because they said we hadn’t have the license… so I didn’t think we had to be so brave on the fifth day. This Iran-American conflict really did not work well now. Give us a shot to make sure there’s nothing wrong and keep filming.