Nutrition pop quiz – calories, whole grains, macronutrients etc
Hi, this is Neily on Nutrition. I’m continuing my series during National Nutrition Month, but today I have a pop quiz for you. Okay, are you ready? Gram for gram, carbohydrates have more calories than fat, it’s a true or false question and I’ll swing back around with the answers. A 12-grain bread and a multigrain bread have the same nutritional value as whole grain bread, true or false? Next question, third question is: by law, there are certain nutrients that have to be added to refined grains, what are they? I’ll give you a hint, four of them are B vitamins and one of them is a mineral. Next question, there are macronutrients: protein, carbohydrate, and fat and they are called the macronutrients why? Last question is this: nutritionally, what has more naturally occurring nutrition in it — would that be almond milk or would that be potato chips? Alright, here are the answers. Gram for gram carbohydrates have more calories than fat, that is false. Fats have nine calories per gram and carbohydrate, as well as protein have four. Now as a percentage of calories, carbohydrates should be about 45 to 65% and we will talk more about those in a few days. Next question, multigrain and 12-grain are not necessarily whole grain because it doesn’t indicate whole grain so you have to look at the label and make sure that it says whole grain on there. It could be a multitude of different grains, but you want to make sure that they are whole grains, so look at your ingredient list. Next question, what nutrients were added by law to refined grains. The four B vitamins: riboflavin, niacin, thiamin, and most recently in the 90’s was Folate and then the mineral, Iron. Next question, macronutrients are called macronutrients why? Because they contain calories; they give us energy, and protein, carbohydrate, and and fat have calories so they are called our macronutrients. Finally, nutritionally the potato chips have more nutrition in them than the almond milk, naturally occurring. Now there are a lot of things that are added to the almond milk to make it more nutritious, but the potato has a lot of nutrition in it. Thanks for watching Neily on Nutrition I hope you enjoyed this quiz and I look forward to seeing you tomorrow, which is registered dietitian/ nutritionist day. Yes, we have our very own day! I look forward to seeing you tomorrow and thanks for watching Neily on Nutrition.