Psychology of Addiction Crash Course

Psychology of Addiction Crash Course

October 12, 2019 5 By Ewald Bahringer


The addiction and the brain
always have a close relationship. The brain is very important for
human survival in this complex world. It is very important to
understand the effects of addiction on the natural
balance of the brain. The addiction affects
and causes changes in the functioning as well as the
structure of the human brain. After understanding the effects and
symptoms of drug and substance abuse on mental health, it becomes easier
to learn the psychology of addiction. Once it is understood, the
breaking psychology of the addiction process also becomes
easier and more executable. Substance abuse causes
mental health disorders. These mental disorders
are associated with biological, environmental
and psychological factors. While breaking the psychology
of addiction, people have to deal with unpleasant emotions
instead of avoiding them. It is very hard but definitely possible to
quit addiction with determination, courage, spending some time in the
supervision of experts, and following the
professional’s advice. Psychology is a science that is dedicated
to understanding human behavior. Psychologists are
trying to improve and promote the living
standard of human beings. The proper functioning of the human
brain is very important for humans. The brain makes adjustments to
maintain its proper natural balance. However, addiction affects
this balance badly. It causes the balance to change
to accommodate addiction. The human brain is
responsible for communication. The brain achieves this
communication through neurons. All drugs affect neurotransmitters
to varying degrees. Neurotransmitters play a role in the
addictive process along with the receptors. The brain has different sections and each
section performs a different function. For effective communication,
these different sections have to interact with each other to
achieve the desired results. Mental illness history, poor social
skills, and pressure of peers are few of the factors that
contribute to drug or alcohol abuse. Genetic tendencies, injury to
the brain, and poor nutrition are some of the factors
which cause mental disorders. The development of mental health can really
affect mental illness and substance abuse. Different studies and surveys
also show that substance abuse and mental illness always have a close
relationship with one another. The quality of life is also
affected by substance abuse. The potential effects of substance
abuse are financial issues, permanent changes to nervous systems, damage to
organs, and other mental illness, etc. While looking at the symptoms of drug
abuse, the addicted person doesn’t enjoy being part of the activities
he used to enjoy previously. Additionally, the people take more
risks; feel trouble in managing the responsibilities, and face
problems with relationships. People continue to use
drugs even after knowing that it is dangerous
for their health. It is a physical addiction
which is easy to understand. The body of the abuser adjusts
according to the rising levels of alcohol or drugs and compensates
for the chemicals ingested. So, physical addiction
results in over time. Another strong component of
addiction is psychological addiction. As the psychology of
addiction is a complex pattern of behavior, so it is
not easy to understand. At the start, it is just
a choice to use drugs. However, it becomes important
when these drugs become the primary source to relieve
those strong feelings. This repetition makes the person addicted. There are people who
drink just on weekends. Though these individuals might
not be really addicted to alcohol. They can always stop drinking whenever they
want or with the change in the situation. However, it would have been extremely
difficult for an addict to give up the drinking habit even if there is a
threat of losing a job or loved ones. The psychologists have
always been debating about psychological addiction
and addictive personality. Physical addiction has a
strong genetic component. Additionally, compulsive behavior is
related to certain anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorders, which
also have a strong genetic component. Experts related to mental health do
agree that destructive compulsive behavior and substance abusers share
similar psychological attributes. A few characteristics of an addictive
personality are a strong sense of isolation, over-reacting to the stress and pressure,
and difficulty delaying satisfaction. Two members of the same
family growing up in the same environment,
inheriting the same genetic disposition and abused
by the same parents, may end up in entirely
different situations. One of those might become a
gambling addict, and the other one may not even have any
signs of addiction whatsoever. There are countless factors that influence
addiction, as well as its recovery. The life of nobody is predetermined
by personality traits, family or genetics and also
no situation is hopeless. People react to different situations
differently as they have choices. It is never true that if someone
is born with an addictive personality, the person will
always become an addict. Psychological addiction is very
dangerous for human health. However, psychological models
are very helpful and useful for understanding why people engage
in this unhealthy behavior. Every addiction theory presents
or explains things partially. No theory is perfect yet. The personality consists of the
id, the superego, and the ego. Anxiety is the main driving
force in psychoanalytic theory. Substance abuse is a
defense against anxiety. Addicts abuse other substances,
including alcohol, to protect themselves against irresistible anxiety as
well as other painful emotions. These emotions consist of
depression and loneliness. Unfortunately, the
addicts never grow up when alcohol is used to avoid
anxiety situations. The abuser just can’t
develop the appropriate mechanisms to handle or
tackle the situation. Instead, they just always want
to take the bottle and go. There are many causes of drug addiction. Human behavior is the first one. Psychology is a science
that studies human behavior. Human behavior is derived
from beliefs and thoughts. Psychologists have developed
different ways and techniques to help people change
their beliefs and thoughts. As a result of this change, their feelings,
as well as their behavior, will change. The third psychological cause of addiction
is personal development maturity. Psychotherapy can really be
helpful for those who are trying to recover from
alcoholism or other addictions. Drug addiction can
occur while handling or dealing with uncomfortable
feelings or stress. Psychotherapy can certainly help
to build up motivation in people to improve their stress reduction,
problem-solving, and coping skills. It is not easy to understand the
breaking psychology of addiction. People have to tackle unpleasant feelings
or emotions instead of just avoiding them. The feedback from the group really helps
addicts understand places where breaking psychological addiction is possible or
where they are psychologically stuck. Finding a recovery center is
one of the first steps to break this addictive behavior, hence
breaking psychological addiction. Along with the physical, recovery
is a mental and spiritual process. Everyone is different from
the rest of the people. Additionally, the situation of every addict
is not only unique but also different. Yes, the recovery is very difficult
and not easy, but still possible. With determination and effective
supervision, addiction can be broken.