# SPSS for Beginners 1: Introduction

In this video, I’m gonna provide an introduction

to SPSS and PASW. So, first off, lemme just say that regarding the name, SPSS, PASW, two

different names for the same program. And I’m gonna refer to it as SPSS. Now I’m working

on version eighteen, which is, should be basically the same as slightly older and slightly newer

versions. And lemme just say this introduction is more for people who’ve had little to no

experience with SPSS. In future videos, things will get more advanced. So first off, what

is SPSS. Well, it’s a pretty popular program for statistical analysis. It’s used most often

in the behavioral sciences like psychology, but it can do lots of different things and

it works well for lots of different fields. And it’s great because you can do really complex

statistical analyses with just a few mouse clicks. The downside is that you’re pretty

far removed from the actual calculations. For that reason, these videos are gonna focus

mostly on just how to use SPSS. If you want more of a conceptual explanation of the different

statistical procedures, I recommend you check out my other series of videos, Excel for statistics.

Now a few caveats about SPSS: like I said, it’s pretty easy to run analyses, but your

data have to be set up in just the right way. And when you do run the analyses, you often

get a lot more than you need in the output window. So a trick to using this program is

knowing where to look for relevant information. So let’s start with the basics, there are

two view modes to SPSS, there’s data view and variable view. Data view, which we’re

in right now, is basically just a spreadsheet, and this is where you see all your data and

this is where you enter in all your data. Each row is dedicated to one participant or

subject or case, and each column is dedicated to a different variable, or type of measurement

you’re taking from each one of the participants. So just try popping in some numbers, I’ll

just do one, two, three. You’ll see that as you enter in a number in a column, that column

kind of comes to life. The variable automatically gets named, and it’s properties are set by

default. However, notice the name is V-A-R, zero-zero-zero-one. That stands for variable

one, if you type in more number, more properties, or more variables that get defined, and their

default names will be variable two, variable three, variable four, and this can get kind

of confusing especially if you have lots of variables and they’re all named almost exactly

the same thing. And also, the default properties for each variable may not be exactly what

you want, so we should learn how to change some of those things. So we change them in

variable view, and you can get to that by clicking on that little button in the lower

left. This lists all your variables in rows, and all the properties are in columns. And

I’m just gonna go ahead and delete variable two because we don’t need that right now.

The first property, and probably one of the more important ones, is name. I recommend

you change this immediately to something more descriptive.. You can call it anything you

want, but it just can’t have spaces in it, special characters, and it can’t start with

a number. So just double click on that, and just highlight it, you can change it to something.

You don’t need to worry about what it does and doesn’t allow because if you do something

it doesn’t like, like having a space, if you hit enter, it will say variable contains illegal

character. So just try something else. I’ll try random underscore name. Camel case works

equally well. So now we have a slightly more descriptive name, which will help us differentiate

our different variables. If you want something even more descriptive, you can go over here

to label, and here you can call it literally anything you want. There’s no restrictions

on what you call it. When you run analyses, this name will show up in the output window.

It’s not gonna show up in data view, in data view you just have whatever the name is. But

the label will show up in the apple window, which can help you further differentiate between

your different variables. So another important property is type. Type reflects what kind

of data you’re dealing with. The default is numeric, which indicates you’re dealing with

numbers. You can also change this to dates, if you’re recording dates, or dollar amounts.

Or a string variable, which is basically letters or words. And honestly, for the most part

if you’re analyzing data, I think numeric will be okay, for most of what you’re doing.

And probably only the other type of property you need to worry about right now is measure,

which is over on the right. Now this specifies what scale of measurement you’re using. A

stats book will usually tell you that the four scales of measurement are nominal, ordinal,

interval, and ratio. If you wanna know more about that I recommend you just find a stats

book and read about it. The only thing I’ll say about it right now is that SPSS, in SPSS,

nominal means nominal, ordinal means ordinal, but if you’re dealing with interval or ratio

scales, SPSS has the same setting for both of those, it calls them both scale. And for

the most part you’ll be okay leaving it set to scale. I’ll quickly mention some of the

other properties–width, over here on the left. This specifies how wide or narrow your

column will be, or sorry, how wide or narrow the entries can be if you’re dealing with

string variables. Which we’re not, so we can just forget about that. Decimals specifies

how many decimal places we’ll show. Column, that’s what specifies how wide or narrow your

columns will be in data view. I find it kind of redundant though because you can just modify

that in data view with your cursor, just moving it around like that, so not too necessary.

Align right here, it just left justifies, right justifies, or center justifies the numbers

in each cell of the spreadsheet in data view. Just the same way that Excel or Microsoft

Word would do. And for the most part I leave the default. There are some other properties

like values, and missing, which can be pretty useful, there’s also a role over here on the

right. We’ll get to those in later videos, for now don’t worry about them. So when you’re

dealing with SPSS, you’re pretty much just switching back and forth between variable

view and data view. You can also get to variable view from data view just by clicking on the

variable name, it’ll take you right back there, and you can get back to data view by clicking

on each row of the variable. So that’s pretty much the basics of SPSS in terms of at least

navigating and what everything is. In the next video we’ll start plugging in numbers

and running some calculations.

Thank you so much for this. I have a ridiculous course that uses only SPSS and these videos are helping me through it.

this tutorial is great . it is very helpful

can you help me please? How can i put open questions on spss? I have one question on my reserch that says "Tell 3 characteristics of a good friend" So i have to note 3 answers for every student (nice, respect etc) How can i do that?

What a superb video. Keep it up! Make some more of these helpful videos of SPSS program. Thanks alot. Canada

how can I download this software?

Thanks its very good presention????

It's very very help full. i learn a lot from it. thanks

This tutorial help me to learn SPSS , Thanks author (y)

This is a LIFE SAVOR!

is there a link for downloading this for free?

Can you use this software for qualitative method?

i like this i find it helpful and i need more to learn with you

Is this video all about making a spread sheet?

hi i need help please help me. i want to input date to spss but i want ask help from my friend to input with so i can finish it faster so how i can do it ? because their is too much information to put it on this software

Thank you so much!!

can mathematician use this spss software.? bcoz I never studied statistics..

Hello All,

i need to download the SPSS software free , could you help me ?

very useful

pls procedure to test reliability of the develop instrument

This is very useful

Why can't mean and standard deviation used to show the influence of variables. Why we need to go for advanced methods?

SPSS is a whole lot of headache. Thanks for simplifying its functions.

不明觉厉！！！

Who would've thought a KINS class could bring me here.

Where I can download the SPSS?

Thanks so much, I will be cycling through all your SPSS vids and sooo appreciate your vids!

i downloaded data.sav file fro my mail but the downloaded file opens in notepad and in decrypted form.i am not getting my original data that i saved after doing spss in another pc. can you please help.Thank you.

THANKSSSS

I can't even get started. I'm having trouble loading a file under READ TEXT DATA. Can you help? Thing is due tomorrow and I don't want to use R-fiddle

once iv created a data file, how can I find out how many of my participants were male or female?

Excellent presentations. Looking forward to more videos by Dr. Kostic.

how can i down load

Good job! Welcome to my channel on SPSS resources (videos in Portuguese)

Reverse scoring in SPSS | Reverse Coding the variable

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tU9wt4uTK54

Thank-you for your guidance

Thanks good chap!

I have watched this video and it seems to be very easy. However, I am still not understaning how to insert different data. My homework question is:

A researcher wants to study alcohol consumption at local parties. The researcher is particularly interested in the amount of alcohol consumed at parties where untrained friends or acquaintances mix the drinks (instead of trained bartenders). For this study, a standard drink was defined as 12 oz of beer (5% vol.), 5 oz of wine (12% vol.), 1.5 oz liquor (40% vol.), or 1.5 oz of liquor of a mixed drink (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2000). Below is the number of standard drinks consumed by 30 people at one local party.

There is a chart given with 30 different numbers on it. I don't understand how to put all of this into the SPSS. My numbers just aren't looking like they're adding up right. Someone please help.

thnks for this owe ya one m8

Can anybody suggest me a standard book on SPSS?

Also try this one

Introduction to spss https://youtu.be/mOutIeuTR08

Yea

Thank you so much for this.

NOW DON'T WORRY BAOUT HUH ALL THE TIMEEEEEEE

hi i am Awol and i am studying MA i want to do my research supporting with spss but it is difficult to me but may i know method of how about it i hop all my research work will be easy thank you

It may sound stupid question but, What is the difference between SPSS and a simple Excel sheet or any other similar software, What makes it so special…

Note,… I have just discovered about SPSS still searching about it, Oh and Great video thank_You

I m also ndt tech i m working spss compani saudi arabia so friends subscribe my chennal i also downlod my chennal RTFI FILM INTERPERATION VEDIO

i'm very interest this video

Thank you for this! I needed to do something relatively simple with SPSS for my thesis, but I had never used the program before, so I didn't know where to start! This video made it pretty easy 🙂

it is really informative. I have data from a survey conducted by the bureau of statistics. these are the findings of their survey such as education level by age group, gender wise, region wise. please guide me how can i enter this data in spss for empirical estimations. plz help me.

The Most amazing playlist on SPSS over YouTube. Thank you so much! You mad me clear my practicals and hopefully my theoretical exams.

Hi everyone! can anyone help me with my case as follows: I recently did a training need assessment, now reached data analysis stage but unsure about a thing. Questionnaires have different topics for 4 different types of respondents (i.e. section A applies to respondent type A, section B applies to respondent type B and so on); only training topics are different; while other personal data and training methods apply to all 4 types of respondents. should I use different file (I use spss) to analyze data by type of respondents? If Yes, what should I do with other section for personal data and methods of training as they apply to all types of respondents? I hope to get advice from you. Thanks.

Hello, thanks so much for your advice. I will follow it. Best

IT IS AWESOME. HOW CAN i GET THE UPDATED AND ALL VIDEOS TOGETHER ?

Thank you for this.

Hoping to pass my exam tomorrow by watching these videos.

Thank you for putting it so simply.

hello, for example,

variable: colour of shoes one wish to buy: red=1, pink=2, blue=3, white=4

if i want to enter 1+2 in the data view, how could i do that? coz it seems that only one data is allowed to be entered

thanks loads

thanxs this helped alot for basic learning

I have a questions plz , could u tell me what are the cases that I shall use the SPSS SYSTEM?

If you're a student looking for SPSS Statistics check us out!

thank you so much

Thanks!

For any analysis help using SPSS, R, STATA and SAS contact certifiedresearcher@gmail.com

Am a statistician am so happy seeing this on YouTube

How do I determine nthe probability of obtaining a score higher or lower than a given z-score using SPSS?

halo~

I am Students to prepare final year project. I have collected data via google form. how do i use SPSS analyses collected data? The questionnaire format is asking a question and given 1~5 from Strongly Disagree(1) to Strongly agree (5) for respondent to comment.

thanks

Free or interactive virtual training of advance statistical software's and much more on unbelievable fee discount, Visit

https://www.facebook.com/CARERHD

https://goo.gl/forms/dpZ2lYgdx8buoTje2

#software #discount #statistics #virtualtraining #forms

#CARERSHOOD

I want to thank you so much for making my job easier using these videos

It has been of great help

The videos are ok , however how can one get the copy of the sum vidio

Looks like SQL

thank you for your nice presentation.

Thank you so much!

trash

DAY-DA.

SPSS is by and large the worst fucking thing that has ever happened to the cyber world. Fuck SPSS and the person who made it, well I hope they die of the slowest most painful tuberculosis death ever

the vidoe is not very clear

thanks so much more!

im currently using spss 23 but theres no "scale" option only ordinal and nominal

good

2019 and I am here, because my university is forcing me to learn this crap when it has nothing to do with my course. .

Man, thank you for doing this. You helped me so much.

Can someone please explain to me why tf IBM has priced SOFTWARE for a SINGLE YEAR OF USE up to the $10k price bracket?? How is that not insane?? Why do they need that much money?

nice,10q

Which spss are you using?

what literatures do I need to learn to know statistic analysis?

Thank you Doctor Sheldon Cooper

Thank you for the introduction tutorial.

Thank you so much .This tutorial has helped me alot to revise my work and understand SPSS more than before.

Thank you!! 🙂

In my doctoral program and this has helped a great deal! Thank you

thank you for your support

Hi,thank you for your helpful video. I am new to this wanted to get your help as I HAVE spss 22 and i have tried entering the data but it keeps giving ? after a number is entered. If you could help please

SOCIOLOGY USED IT MORE.

I thank you very much for this course

Can u help me please,, the teacher asked me to make results and conclusions after my analysis ,, how can I make them?

great

Thanks

Thanks!

Is this version still relevant today?